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The R-1 Rescue All-Terrain Transport Vehicle

By the late 1980s, combat had changed dramatically since WWII due to new technology, weapon systems, and a variety of unfamiliar terrains. Because of these changes, the U.S. military needed a vehicle that was more agile and versatile than the standard jeeps for the removal, transport, and treatment of casualties and injured soldiers during combat. In 1992, the off-road vehicle manufacturer, Raceco, finally answered the military's prayers.  


Raceco manufactured the R-1 Rescue All-Terrain Transport (RATT or RATV), a vehicle designed specifically to collect wounded soldiers from the field efficiently. The RATT had a distinctive appearance that combined aspects of ATVs, pickups, and jeeps, and was not equipped to handle any weaponry. Instead of installing defensive weapon mounts, Raceco focused on delivering a light, quick transport vehicle that could get their charges out of danger as fast as possible. 

Features of the R-1 Rescue All-Terrain Transport 

The RATT was built for speed, utility, and mobility. It was used by Air Force special operations to evacuate combat victims and provide treatment in-transit. They also used RATTs as field utility vehicles and for airfield seizures. 


The RATT featured: 

  • Up to Six Litters, or bunk gurneys, for Patients

  • Two 24-volt batteries (for lights and medical equipment)

  • Infrared Headlights (for stealthy night transportation)

  • Light-Weight, Air-Cooled Porsche Engine (110 horsepower)

  • Four-Wheel Drive 

  • Instant Kill Switch (to immediately extinguish white lights)


With all of these features and a design that could fit six injured soldiers and two rescue personnel, the air-cooled engine eliminated the need for a radiator and cooling fluid, which made the vehicle lighter, and its compact, tubular framework allowed it to be transported easily by C-130 aircraft and some helicopters. The RATT also featured pioneer tools, bolt cutters, winch, and tie-downs, so it was ready for almost anything! 


Although these vehicles replaced jeeps at certain times, nothing has yet to replace jeeps in the U.S. military completely. If you are looking for reliable fuel pump repair services or steering box repair services near Levittown, PA, or you are interested in speaking to an army jeep expert, call Army Jeep Parts today!